Park, Jin Kyu (2005) “‘Creating My Own Cultural and Spiritual Bubble’: Case of Cultural Consumption by Spiritual Seeker Anime Fans.” Culture and Religion: An Interdisciplinary Journal 6 (3): 393–413.

Park, Jin Kyu (2005) “‘Creating My Own Cultural and Spiritual Bubble’: Case of Cultural Consumption by Spiritual Seeker Anime Fans.” Culture and Religion: An Interdisciplinary Journal 6 (3): 393–413.

The distinctive quality of Japanese animation (anime) in its descriptions of religious and spiritual realms – integrating symbols, themes, doctrines, and mythologies from various religious traditions – is a cultural manifestation of the Japanese integrative spirituality. This article demonstrates how important the religious aspect of anime is in explaining why some younger generations in the USA, who are characterized as spiritual seekers, become a loyal fan of the cultural artifacts. Anime seems to provide them with a cultural resource out of which they create their own cultural and spiritual practice, which is, they claim, not provided by the US mainstream popular culture. This article argues that since the religious aspect of anime is one of the most distinctive qualities in distinguishing itself from US pop culture, it would contribute to the more generally accepted ‘cultural difference’ account in explaining the cross-cultural popularity of anime.

Curti, G. H. (2008) “The Ghost in the City and a Landscape of Life: A Reading of Difference in Shirow and Oshii’s Ghost in the Shell.” Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 26 (1): 87-106.

Curti, G. H. (2008) "The Ghost in the City and a Landscape of Life: A Reading of Difference in Shirow and Oshii’s Ghost in the Shell." Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 26 (1): 87-106. In this paper I demonstrate how an ontological … [Continue reading]

Fukunaga, Natsuki (2006) “‘Those Anime Students’: Foreign Language Literacy Development Through Japanese Popular Culture.” Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy 50 (3): 206-22.

Fukunaga, Natsuki (2006) "'Those Anime Students': Foreign Language Literacy Development Through Japanese Popular Culture." <i>Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy</i> 50 (3): 206-22. Using multiliteracies and sociocultural … [Continue reading]

Sunaoshi, Yukako (2006) “Who Reads Comics?: Manga Readership Among First-Generation Asian Immigrants in New Zealand.” Popular Culture, Globalization and Japan. Eds. Matthew Allen and Rumi Sakamoto. New York: Routledge. 94-113

Sunaoshi, Yukako (2006) "Who Reads Comics?: Manga Readership Among First-Generation Asian Immigrants in New Zealand." Popular Culture, Globalization and Japan. Eds. Matthew Allen and Rumi Sakamoto. New York: Routledge. 94-113 … [Continue reading]

Steinberg, Marc (2004) “Otaku Consumption, Superflat Art and the Return to Edo.” Japan Forum 16 (3): 449-71.

Steinberg, Marc (2004) "Otaku Consumption, Superflat Art and the Return to Edo." Japan Forum 16 (3): 449-71. This paper addresses the use of Edo as a trope for Japanese postmodernity in the 1980s and 1990s and its transformation at the turn of the … [Continue reading]

Kinsella, Sharon (2006) “Minstrelized Girls: Male Performers of Japan’s Lolita Complex.” Japan Forum 18 (1): 65-87.

Kinsella, Sharon (2006) "Minstrelized Girls: Male Performers of Japan's Lolita Complex." Japan Forum 18 (1): 65-87. There may be a useful parallel between the intense male cultural interest in and production of girl (shōjo/gyaru) characters in … [Continue reading]